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Toxicological information

Eye irritation

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Administrative data

eye irritation: in vivo
Type of information:
migrated information: read-across from supporting substance (structural analogue or surrogate)
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
10 - 15 February 1997
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: Good quality study data prepared according to international guidelines in accordance with GLP.

Data source

Reference Type:
study report
Report date:

Materials and methods

Test guideline
according to guideline
OECD Guideline 405 (Acute Eye Irritation / Corrosion)
GLP compliance:
yes (incl. QA statement)

Test material

Constituent 1
Reference substance name:
Cas Number:
Constituent 2
Reference substance name:
Test material form:
liquid: viscous

Test animals / tissue source

New Zealand White
Details on test animals or tissues and environmental conditions:
Three New Zealand White rabbits, supplied by David Percival Ltd, Moston, Sandbach, Cheshire, UK, were used. At the start of the study the animals weighed 2.78 to 3.1 7 kg and were twelve to sixteen weeks old. After a minimum acclimatisation period of five days each animal was given a number unique within the study which was written with a black indelible marker-pen on the inner surface of the ear and on the cage label.

The animals were individually housed in suspended metal cages. Free access to mains drinking water and food (STANRAB SQC Rabbit Diet, Special Diets Services Ltd, Witham, Essex, UK) was allowed throughout the study.

The animal room was maintained at a temperature of 1 7 to 19 " C and relative humidity of 49 to 65%. The rate of air exchange was approximately fifteen changes per hour and the lighting was controlled by a time switch to give twelve hours continuous light and twelve hours darkness.

Test system

unchanged (no vehicle)
other: untreated eyes of test animals
Amount / concentration applied:
One rabbit was initially treated. A volume of 0.1 ml of the test material was instilled into the conjunctival sac of the right eye, formed by gently pulling the lower lid away from the eyeball. The upper and lower eyelids were held together for about one second immediately after instillation, to prevent loss of the test material, and then released. The left eye remained untreated and was used for control purposes. Immediately after administration of the test material, an assessment of the initial pain reaction was made.

After consideration of the ocular responses produced in the first treated animal, two additional animals were treated.
Duration of treatment / exposure:
Assessment of ocular damagehrritation was made approximately 1 hour and 24, 48 and 72 hours following treatment, according to the numerical evaluation given in Appendix I, (from Draize J H (1 977) "Dermal and Eye Toxicity Tests" In: Principles and Procedures for Evaluating the Toxicity of Household Substances, National Academy of Sciences, Washington DC p.48 to 49).
Number of animals or in vitro replicates:
3 animals

Results and discussion

In vivo

Irritation parameter:
maximum mean total score (MMTS)
Time point:
24 h
Max. score:
fully reversible

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Interpretation of results:
not irritating
Migrated information Criteria used for interpretation of results: EU
The test substance produced a maximum group mean score of 9.3 and is not irritating.
Executive summary:

A study was performed to assess the irritancy potential of the test material to the eye of the New Zealand White rabbit. The method used followed that described in the OECD Guidelines for Testing of Chemicals No. 405 "Acute Eye Irritation/Corrosion" (adopted 24 February 1987) and Method B5 of Commission Directive 92/69/EEC (which constitutes Annex V of Council Directive 671548lEEC).

A single instillation of the test material to the non-irrigated eye of three rabbits produced moderate conjunctival irritation. All treated eyes appeared normal at the 48-hour observation.

The test material produced a maximum group mean score of 9.3 and was classified as a minimal irritant (Class 3 on a 1 to 8 scale) to the rabbit eye according to a modified Kay and Calandra classification system. The test material did not meet the criteria for classification as irritant according to EU labelling regulations.