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Please be aware that this old REACH registration data factsheet is no longer maintained; it remains frozen as of 19th May 2023.

The new ECHA CHEM database has been released by ECHA, and it now contains all REACH registration data. There are more details on the transition of ECHA's published data to ECHA CHEM here.

Diss Factsheets

Environmental fate & pathways

Endpoint summary

Administrative data

Description of key information

Additional information

Adsorption / desorption

The calcium sulfonate target substance (Reaction products of benzenesulfonic acid, mono-C20-24 (even)-sec-alkyl derivs. para-, calcium salts) could not be investigated experimentally for its adsorption potential towards soil particles based on its chemical structure. The procedure according to OECD 121 / EU Method C.19 is technically not feasible. A prediction with KOCWINv2.00 (EPIWIN software) revealed a logKoc range of 13.96 (MIC method) and 4.22 or 5.36 (traditional method) for the lower a higher range LogKow value of 5.38 and 7.44, respectively. Higher alkyl chains (> 20 carbons) would result in an even higher value.

Henry´s Law Constant

The Henry´s Law constant of calcium sulfonate target substance (Reaction products of benzenesulfonic acid, mono-C20-24 (even)-sec-alkyl derivs. para-, calcium salts), could not be determined using the computer program HENRYWIN v3.20 (EPIWIN software) by US-EPA. A representative structure of the UVCB substance was used, resulting in "incomplete results" for each prediction. Therefore, the Henry´s Law constant of the calcium sulfonate target substance (Reaction products of benzenesulfonic acid, mono-C20-24 (even)-sec-alkyl derivs. para-, calcium salts) was determined by using EUSES v2.1 (Chemservice S.A., 2017d). This parameter is calculated from temperature corrected experimental vapour pressure and water solubility. A Henry´s Law Constant of 2360 Pa*m³/mol was calculated for the calcium sulfonate target substance (Reaction products of benzenesulfonic acid, mono-C20-24 (even)-sec-alkyl derivs. para-, calcium salts) at 25 °C. Moreover, a Henry's law constant at environmental temperature of 1130 Pa*m³/mol has been calculated.

Distribution modelling

Distribution modelling for calcium sulfonate target substance (Reaction products of benzenesulfonic acid, mono-C20-24 (even)-sec-alkyl derivs. para-, calcium salts) was performed using a representative structure of the target UVCB substance. (Chemservice S.A., 2017c). The Level III fugacity model of the scientifically accepted computer program EPIWIN by US-EPA was used for this purpose. The executable file is called LEVEL3NT.EXE. The software is no stand-alone version and it contains a direct adaption of the Level III fugacity model developed by Mackay (1991) and Mackay et al. (1996). Level III modelling assumes a steady-state, but no common equilibrium conditions between the different environmental compartments. Four main compartments are concerned: air, water, sediment and soil. Between these compartments, mass transport is modelled via volatilization, diffusion, deposition and runoff. A fixed temperature of 25 °C is assumed. In Epiwin the following substance properties were entered manually: Vapour pressure 0.00138 mm Hg, LogKow 5.38, Water solubility 0.0735 mg/L, Melting Point 69 °C, Boiling Point 223 °C, further default values are used, for example for biodegradation rates, environmental emission rates and advection lifetimes.

In general, disappearance of a chemical occurs via two processes: reaction and advection. The abiotic or biotic degradation belongs to reaction, whereas the removal from a compartment through losses other than degradation is called advection. The rate of advection is determined by a specific flow rate, which may be specified by the user. Furthermore, the user can specify emission rates; otherwise the default emission rate is equal amounts to air, water and soil. For the sediment compartment, no direct emissions are considered. If half-lives in the different compartments are known, the values should be entered manually. Otherwise, EPIWIN software BIOWIN (Biowin 3 – Ultimate Biodegradation Timeframe) and AOPWIN are used to make these estimations by default. If a chemical is susceptible to abiotic hydrolysis, HYDROWIN may be able to provide the half-life. If a combination of hydrolysis, photolysis and biodegradation is likely for the compound, the half-lives shall be converted to rate constants and added together. The resulting overall half-life should be entered into the modelling. The output of Biowin 3 cannot be used directly by the Level III mass balance model. The mean value is converted to a half-life using a set of conversion factors, which consider that 6 half-lives constitute complete degradation with first-order kinetics.

Ultimate biodegradation is generally slower under anaerobic conditions than under aerobic conditions. The program concerns aerobic conditions; only for sediment an anaerobic environment is assumed. The rate of ultimate degradation in sediment is on average one-ninth (1/9) of that in the water column. A further adjustment is taken into account: In general, the biodegradation rate in soil is, on average, one-half (1/2) that in water. Therefore, a half-life in soil twice that estimated for water is assigned. The default environmental emission rates are 1000 kg/h to air, water and soil (sediment: 0 kg/h), which may be altered manually. The advection lifetimes of the substance in air, water and sediment compartments are set to the default values of 100, 1000 and 50000 hours, respectively. These lifetimes are used to determine the advective flow rate (m³/h). If no advection to any compartment is expected, the lifetime should be set to some arbitrarily large value (such as 1E20); this effectively changes the advective flow rate to zero. A soil Koc value is also required for the fugacity model. By default, the connectivity-based adsorption coefficient is used (MCI result by KOCWIN).

Concerning the representative structure of Reaction products of benzenesulfonic acid, mono-C20-24 (even)-sec-alkyl derivs. para-, calcium salts, for the 4 compartments, i.e. air, water, soil and sediment, the following mass amounts are predicted for the representative structure: 0.0187 %, 0.701 %, 38.6 % and 60.6 %, respectively. The corresponding half-lives in the different compartments are predicted as: 4.44 h, 4320 h (ca. 1/2 year), 8640 h (ca. 1 year) and 38900 h (ca. 4.44 years), respectively. The overall persistence time gives a measure of how long the chemical remains in the model environment and is estimated as 10,700 h (ca. 1.22 years) for the test substance.