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Please be aware that this old REACH registration data factsheet is no longer maintained; it remains frozen as of 19th May 2023.

The new ECHA CHEM database has been released by ECHA, and it now contains all REACH registration data. There are more details on the transition of ECHA's published data to ECHA CHEM here.

Diss Factsheets

Physical & Chemical properties

Endpoint summary

Administrative data

Description of key information

Additional information

The UVCB substance is an inorganic, complex metal containing material.


Intermediate B14 – ADDEDth2008- Residues, leaching


“Product obtained by leaching Nickel matte with chlorine or sulphuric acid. It is composed primarily of copper sulphide and sulphates.”


EC name

(or recognized name)

Substance covered

EC number / EINECS No.


Residues, Nickel matte leaching**

Copper containing residue from leaching

Not available

Not available


At room temperature, the substance is a solid.


The majority of the available data on physical and chemical properties of the UVCB is taken from the report Liipo, et al, 2010 and Liipo et al. 2014 –a comprehensive study performed on the UVCB to characterize it (physico-chemical and mineralogical properties) in view of the upcoming REACH registrations of copper intermediates by the REACH Copper Consortium.


 In particular, a comprehensive chemical and mineralogical characterization of a representative sample was performed (and reported under IUCLID 4.23). The study from Liippo et al (Outotec Lab) furthermore includes thermo gravimetric /differential scanning calorimetric (TG/DSC) measurements (under Air flux and Nitrogen atmosphere) that allowed determining melting, oxidation and related thermal stability properties of the UVCB.

The Outotec study included: Chemical assays (Inductively coupled argon plasma optic emission spectrometer, sulphur and carbon analyzes, Measurement of amount of magnetic material), Granulometry, density and specific surface measurements, determination of melting and oxidation temperatures (Thermogravimetry / differential scanning calorimetry), Water solubility tests, Mineralogical characterization (X-ray Diffraction, Optical Microscopy, Scanning Electron Microscopy) and Mineral Quantification. Based on the tests results, the study furthermore includes expert judgements addressing flammable, self-ignition, explosive and oxidising properties of the materials.


The selection and collection of the representative samples was made based on expert knowledge and according to standardized sampling protocols developed by the REACH Copper Consortium, an industry joint-venture regrouping major manufacturing and importing companies of the UVCB substance. Details on the sampling approach and the representative samples are reported as supporting information in IUCLID 1.4 and 4.1.


The relevant physico-chemical properties of the materials (as well as IUCLID sections) are summarised below:

Table 1: Summary of the results

ECI Comments / Remarks IUCLID Section Copper, nickel matte leaching residue Copper residue 
Lab code   09TT02537 14TT00402 
State / Colour 4.1 Solid, brown  Solid, Greenish black
Relative Density g/m3 4.4 3.9 4.64 
Specific surface area 4.5 5.59 6.476 
Granulometry, D50, µm 4.5 < 20 Powder 
Water solubility 4.8 poor to low (*)  
Melting temperature,°C 4.2 ~80 (decomposition)  
Oxidation Temperature,°C 4.15 ~300  
Assays / Chemistry 4.23 See table  
Mineralogy 4.23 See table  
Flammability 4.13 Negative  
Self-ignition  4.12 Negative  
Explosive properties 4.14 Negative  
Oxidizing properties 4.15 Negative  
Relative Density, OECD 109; specific surface area, BET method; water solubility, OECD 105; melting and oxidation temperature TG/DSC analysis  

(*) Poor in preliminary test, with exception at high loading and shaking over long period.