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Ecotoxicological information

Toxicity to aquatic algae and cyanobacteria

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Link to relevant study record(s)

Description of key information

Determination of the effect of FAT 41044/A TE on the growth of the green alga Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata.

Key value for chemical safety assessment

Additional information

A study was performed to assess the effect of the test item on the growth of the green alga Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata. The method followed that described in the OECD Guidelines for Testing of Chemicals (2006) No 201, "Freshwater Alga and Cyanobacteria, Growth Inhibition Test" referenced as Method C.3 of Commission Regulation (EC) No 761/2009.



Information provided by the Sponsor indicated the test item was insoluble in water.


Preliminary solubility work conducted indicated that it was not possible to obtain a testable solution of the test item using traditional methods of preparation e.g. ultrasonication and high shear mixing.


A preliminary media preparation trial indicated a saturated solution method of preparation was the most appropriate for this test item given its high purity and low water solubility.


Following a preliminary range-finding test ,Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata was exposed to a solution of the test item at nominal concentration of 100% v/v saturated solution (six replicate flasks) for 72 hours, under constant illumination and shaking at a temperature of 24 ± 1°C. The test item solution was prepared by stirring an excess (50 mg/L) of test item in culture medium using a propeller stirrer at approximately 1500 rpm for 24 hours. After the stirring period any undissolved test item was removed by filtration (0.2 µm Sartorius Sartopore filter, first approximate 1 liter discarded in order to pre-condition the filter) to produce a 100% v/v saturated solution of the test item.


Samples of the algal populations were removed daily and cell concentrations determined for each control and treatment group, using a Coulter®Multisizer Particle Counter.



Chemical analysis of the test preparations at 0 and 72 hours showed measured test concentrations of less than the limit of quantification (LOQ) of the analytical method employed were obtained which was determined to be 0.0010 mg/L. This does not infer that no test item was in solution, just that any dissolved test item was present at a concentration of less than the LOQ.


Exposure ofPseudokirchneriella subcapitatato the test item gave EC50values of greater than 100% v/v saturated solution. The No Observed Effect Concentration was determined to be 100% v/v saturated solution.


This study showed that there were no toxic effects at saturation.