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Guidance on Safe Use

Guidance on Safe Use

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First-aid measures

Description of first aid measures
Pay attention to self-protection.
Remove victims from hazardous area. Immediately remove soiled or soaked clothing and remove it to a safe distance. Keep victim warm, in a stabilizedposition and covered.
Do not leave victims unattended.
If the casualty is unconscious: Place the victim in the recovery position.

Potential for exposure by inhalation if dusts or smoke are generated.
Move victims into fresh air.
With labored breathing: Provide with oxygen. Consult a doctor.
If the casualty is not breathing: Perform mouth-to-mouth resuscitation, notify emergency physician immediately.

Skin contact
Wash off affected area immediately with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes.
If symptoms persist, consult a physician for treatment.

Eye contact
With eye held open, thoroughly rinse immediately with plenty of water for at least 10 minutes.
Consult an ophthalmologist immediately if the symptoms persist.
When dealing with caustic substances, notify emergency physician immediately (key words: burns in eye).

Rinse mouth.
Immediately give large quantities of water to drink.
Obtain medical attention.
When dealing with caustic substances, notify emergency physician immediately.

Most important symptoms and effects, both acute and delayed
Irritation of skin and mucous membranes
Causes burns.
Headache, vertigo, somnolence (sleepiness), nausea.
Health injuries may be delayed.
Strongly irritating to corrosive.Harmful in contact with skin and if swallowed. Vapours may cause drowsiness and dizziness.

Indication of any immediate medical attention and special treatment needed
The initial focus is only on the local action, possibly characterized by a progressive tissue irritation; caustic substances result in quickly progressing deep
tissue damage.
In the eye, caustic dusts or smoke cause, depending on the intensity of exposure, severe irritation, destruction, and ablation of the epithelium of the
conjunctiva and cornea, corneal clouding, edema and ulcerations.
Danger! Possible loss of eyesight!
Superficial irritations and damage up to ulcerations and scarring develop on the skin.
After accidental absorption in the body, the pathology and clinical findings are dependent on the kinetics of the substance (quantity of absorbed substance,
the absorption time, and the effectiveness of early elimination measures (first aid)/ excretion - metabolism).
A specific action of the substance is unknown.

Fire-fighting measures

Extinguishing media
Suitable extinguishing media:
dry sand
Dry powder
alcohol stable extinguishing foam

Unsuitable extinguishing media:
Carbon dioxide (CO2)

Special hazards arising from the substance or mixture
Do not extinguish fires at the leak point since this can result in an uncontrolled blow-back combustion.
In case of fire-fighting with water or foam be aware of dangers of corrosion and of slipping.
Upon contact with water: violent reaction!
Do not use a solid water stream as it may scatter and spread fire.

Advice for firefighters
Water for fire fighting must not be introduced in the sewer system, subsoil, or surface waters. Assure that there are sufficient fire water retaining facilities
Contaminated fire fighting water must be disposed of in conformity with the regulations of the local authorities.
Fire residues should be disposed of in accordance with the regulations.
In case of fire: full protective suit and wear a self contained respiratory apparatus

Accidental release measures

Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures
Avoid dust formation.
Keep away from sources of ignition - No smoking.
Keep unauthorized persons away.

Environmental precautions
Dam with sand or earth
Do not allow to reach the sewage system, the ground or natural water bodies.

Methods and material for containment and cleaning up
Use mechanical handling equipment.
Suitable binder: lime, soda ash, dry sand

Additional advice
Protect against water.Risk of spontaneous ignition on entry of airEvacuate personnel to safe areas.Remove all sources of ignition.Sweep up to prevent slipping hazard.Avoid dust formation.

Reference to other sections
Wear personal protective equipment.

Handling and storage

Precautions for safe handling
Decant and handle product in separate areas only, e.g. use glove boxes, cabinets with differential pressure switch etc.
Ensure that apparatus and pipelines are free from leaks. Do not ventilate into the open.
Dedicated loading/unloading stations required.
Handle under inert gas
Take precautionary measures against static discharges.

Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities
Advice on protection against fire and explosion
Take precautionary measures against static discharges.
Keep away from sources of ignition - No smoking.
No sparking tools should be used.
Avoid dust formation.
If dusts develop, explosive dust/air mixtures may form.

Store in the original receptacle, keeping this tightly sealed, under cool and dry conditions.
Protect from warming.
Avoid humidity and water.
Under inert gas (nitrogen).
Suitable materials polyethylene
Unsuitable materials light metals and their alloys

Further information
In order to ensure due transportation, make certain that stacks are of the correct height, containers are securely fastened so as not to fall off, and labelled according to the regulations.

Advice on common storage
Observe prohibition against storing together!

German storage class
4.2 - Pyrophoric and self-heating hazardous materials

Storage stability
Stable under recommended storage conditions.

Dust explosion class
Method: VDI 2263
Maximum rate of pressure rise: 20,7 bar/s
ignition energy: 10 kJ
Danger of dust explosion, Hartmann apparatus, VDI 22637.3.

Specific end use(s)
We are unaware of any specific end uses which go beyond the data reported in Section 1.

Transport information

Land transport (UN RTDG/ADR/RID)

UN number:
UN 3206
Shippingopen allclose all
4.2 (8)
SpecialProvisionsopen allclose all

Inland waterway transport (UN RTDG/ADN(R))

UN number:
UN 3206
Shippingopen allclose all
4.2 (8)
Remarksopen allclose all

Marine transport (UN RTDG/IMDG)

UN number:
UN 3206
Shipping information
Proper shipping name and description:
Chemical name:
potassium ethylate
4.2 (8)
Remarksopen allclose all

Air transport (UN RTDG/ICAO/IATA)

UN number:
UN 3206
Shipping information
Proper shipping name and description:
Alkali metal alcoholates, self-heating, corrosive, n.o.s. (potassium ethylate)
Chemical name:
potassium ethylate
4.2 (8)
Remarksopen allclose all

Additional transport information

Additional information
Special provisions / remarks / other:
Transport in bulk according to Annex II of MARPOL 73/78 and the IBC Code:
for transportapproval see regulatory information

Exposure controls / personal protection

Exposure controls

Engineering measures
Decant and handle product in separate areas only, e.g. use glove boxes, cabinets with differential pressure switch etc.
Do not lead exhaust air back to workplace areas unfiltered.
Exhaust filter or scrubber.
exhaust air filter (HEPA-filter)
Inerting with:
see also section 7.
In case of dissolved solids:
Minimization of emissions by means of suitable technical measures such as flanges and valves with low leakage rates, recirculation of vapours.
Ensure that dust-handling systems (such as exhaust ducts, dust collectors, vessels, and processing equipment) are designed in a manner to prevent the escape of dust into the work area (i.e., there is no leakage from the equipment).
All precautionary measures indicated have to be observed.

Exposure controls
The substance must be handled under strictly controlled conditions in accordance with Article 17/18 of the REACH regulation.

Personal protective equipment

Respiratory protection
Accidental release measures
use respiratory equipment with suitable filter (filter type P3) or wear a self contained respiratory apparatus
Note time limit for wearing respiratory protective equipment.

Hand protection
Glove material Nitrile, for example, Dermatril 740, Kächele-Cama Latex GmbH (KCL), Germany
Material thickness 0,11 mm
Method DIN EN 374
Accidental release measures
Glove material Nitrile/Chloroprene, for example, Nitopren 717, Kächele-Cama Latex GmbH (KCL), Germany
Material thickness 0,65 mm
Method DIN EN 374

Eye protection
close-fitting protective goggles (e.g. closed goggles)

Skin and body protection
Select materials and equipment for physical protection depending on the concentration and volume of hazardous substances and the workplace involved.

Hygiene measures
Do not breathe dust.
Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
Remove immediately all contaminated clothing.
Use disposable clothing if appropriate.
Smoking, eating and drinking should be prohibited in the application area.
Wash hands before breaks and at the end of workday.
Use suitable skin protective agents before handling product.

Protective measures
All precautionary measures indicated have to be observed.
Risk assessment and risk monitoring of all work places required.
Health, Safety and Emergency Management System recommended.
Regular safety training is a must.
Written approval necessary in case of non-routine jobs, e.g. maintenance activities.
Environmental exposure controls
In some cases, exhaust air scrubbers, filters or technical changes to the processing plant will be required in order to decrease emissions to acceptable

Stability and reactivity

No further information available

Chemical stability
No further information available

Possibility of hazardous reactions
Risk of spontaneous ignition if exposed to air and elevated temperatures.
Exothermic reaction with:
oxidizing agents
In contact with water sodium and potassium methanolate react very fast, quantitative and exothermic to methanol and the corresponding alkali hydroxides.
With use of light metal containers (aluminium) and entry of water, production of hydrogen.

Conditions to avoid
Protect from moisture.
Keep away from heat and sources of ignition.
Avoid dust formation.

Incompatible materials
water, Acids, air, Oxygen, Oxidizing agents, Formation of oxyhydrogen gas through reaction with light metals.

Hazardous decomposition products
Decomposition products on contact with water/air humidity
Potassium hydroxide

Disposal considerations

Waste treatment methods
Strictly controlled conditions during disposal or treatment to air, wastewater and waste.
Disposal according to local authority regulations.
Pack and label wastes like the pure substance. Do not detach label from the delivery containers prior to disposal.

Uncleaned packaging
Do not reuse empty containers and dispose of in accordance with the regulations issued by the appropriate local authorities.

Waste Key Number
The waste key number must be determined as per the European Waste Types List (decision on EU Waste Types List 2000/532/EC) in cooperation with the disposal firm / producing firm / official authority.