Brief Profile

Diss Brief Profile

The Brief Profile summarizes the non-confidential data on substances as it is held in the databases of the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA), including data provided by third parties. The Brief Profile is automatically generated; note that it does not currently distinguish between harmonised classification and minimum classification; information requirements under different legislative frameworks may therefore not be fully up to date or complete. For accuracy reasons, substance manufacturers and imports have the responsibility to consult official sources, e.g. the electronic edition of the Official Journal of the European Union.
This Brief Profile is covered by the ECHA Legal Notice.

Substance Description

Substance identity

EC / List no.:
234-829-6
CAS no.:
12035-72-2
Index number:
028-007-00-4
Molecular formula:
Ni3S2
SMILES:
[Ni][Ni][Ni]=S=S
InChI:
InChI=1S/3Ni.S2/c;;;1-2
Type of substance:
Mono constituent substance
Origin:
Inorganic
Registered compositions:
15
Of which contain:
0 impurities relevant for classification
0 additives relevant for classification
Substance Listed:
EINECS (European INventory of Existing Commercial chemical Substances) List

Hazard classification & labelling

Danger! According to the harmonised classification and labelling (ATP17) approved by the European Union, this substance is toxic if inhaled, may cause cancer by inhalation, causes damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure, is very toxic to aquatic life, is very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects, is suspected of causing genetic defects and may cause an allergic skin reaction.

Breakdown of all 247 C&L notifications submitted to ECHA

Carc. 1A H350i Harmonised Classification
STOT RE 1 H372 Harmonised Classification
Aquatic Acute 1 H400 Harmonised Classification
Aquatic Chronic 1 H410 Harmonised Classification
Muta. 2 H341 Harmonised Classification
Skin Sens. 1 H317 Harmonised Classification
Acute Tox. 3 H331 Harmonised Classification
Acute Tox. 4 H332
0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

https://echa-term.echa.europa.eu/o/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/tick.png Harmonised Classification

https://echa-term.echa.europa.eu/o/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/Reach.png REACH registration dossiers notifications

https://echa-term.echa.europa.eu/o/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/CLP.png CLP notifications

Properties of concern

  • C
Officially recognised in the EU as Carcinogenic (Harmonised C&L).
  • C
There is broad agreement in that a majority of data submitters agree this substance is Carcinogenic (100% of REACH registrations).
  • M
Suspected to be Mutagenic (Harmonised C&L).
  • Ss
Officially recognised in the EU as Skin sensitising ( Harmonised C&L).
  • Ss
There is broad agreement in that a majority of data submitters agree this substance is Skin sensitising (100% of REACH registrations).

Regulatory context

Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation & Restriction of Chemicals (REACH)

Registration
Pre-registration:
Substance pre-registered under REACH.
Registration:
This substance has 50 active registrations under REACH, 1 Joint Submission(s) and 0 Individual Submission(s).
Please see Registrants/Suppliers details.
Evaluation
Dossier Evaluation:
Substance Evaluation:
Authorisation
Candidate List:
Annex XIV (Authorisation List):
Restriction
Annex XVII (Restriction List):
Some uses of this substance are restricted under Annex XVII of REACH.

Persistent Organic Pollutants Regulation (POPs)

List of substances subject to the POPs Regulation:
List of substances proposed as POPs:

Classification Labelling & Packaging (CLP)

Harmonised C&L:
A European Union Harmonised Classification & Labelling has been assigned to this substance.
Seveso Annex I:
Industrial accident prevention and reporting requirements have been established for this substance.
Notified C&L:
Classification & Labelling has been notified by industry to ECHA for this substance.

Biocidal Products Regulation (BPR)

Active Substance:
Biocidal Products:

Prior Informed Consent (PIC)

Annex I:
Annex V:

European Union Observatory for Nanomaterials (EUON)

EUON:

About this substance

This substance is registered under the REACH Regulation and is manufactured in and / or imported to the European Economic Area, at ≥ 100 to < 1 000 tonnes per annum.

This substance is used in articles, in formulation or re-packing, at industrial sites and in manufacturing.

ECHA has no public registered data indicating whether or in which chemical products the substance might be used.

ECHA has no public registered data on the routes by which this substance is most likely to be released to the environment.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: production of mixtures or articles by tabletting, compression, extrusion or pelletisation.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: manufacturing of the substance, as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates), as processing aid, formulation in materials and formulation of mixtures.

ECHA has no public registered data indicating whether or into which articles the substance might have been processed.

ECHA has no public registered data indicating whether or in which chemical products the substance might be used.

ECHA has no public registered data on the types of manufacture using this substance.

ECHA has no public registered data on the use of this substance in activities or processes at the workplace.

ECHA has no public registered data on the routes by which this substance is most likely to be released to the environment.

This substance is used in the following products: pH regulators and water treatment products and laboratory chemicals. This substance has an industrial use resulting in manufacture of another substance (use of intermediates).

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure and transfer of substance into small containers.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: formulation in materials, manufacturing of the substance, as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates), as processing aid and formulation of mixtures.

This substance is used in the following products: laboratory chemicals and pH regulators and water treatment products. This substance has an industrial use resulting in manufacture of another substance (use of intermediates).

This substance is used in the following areas: formulation of mixtures and/or re-packaging. This substance is used for the manufacture of: chemicals.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, transfer of substance into small containers, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure and closed processes with no likelihood of exposure.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates), as processing aid, manufacturing of the substance and formulation in materials.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure and transfer of substance into small containers.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: manufacturing of the substance, as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates), as processing aid, formulation in materials and formulation of mixtures.

ECHA has no data from registration dossiers on the precautionary measures for using this substance. Guidance on the safe use of the substance provided by manufacturers and importers of this substance.

Registrants/suppliers

  • api raffineria di Ancona S.p.A., via Flaminia 685 60015 Falconara Marittima (AN) Italy
  • BAYERNOIL Raffineriegesellschaft mbH, Raffineriestr. 100 93333 Neustadt Bavaria Germany
  • CATALYST RECOVERY EUROPE S.A., 420, Route de Longwy 4832 Rodange Luxembourg
  • CEPSA Química, S.A., Edificio Torre Picasso Plaza Pablo Ruiz Picasso, 1 28020 Madrid Spain
  • Crossbridge Energy A/S, Egeskovvej 265 7000 Fredericia Denmark
  • ECO-RIGEN S.R.L., Contrada Piana del Signore c/o Gela Refinery 93012 Gela Italy
  • ENI, Piazzale Enrico Mattei 1 00144 Rome Italy
  • Esso Nederland B.V., Graaf Engelbertlaan 75 4837 DS Breda Netherlands
  • Esso Raffinage S.A.S., 20 Rue Paul Heroult 92000 Nanterre France
  • Eurecat Deutschland GmbH, Tricatstrasse 06803 Bitterfeld-Wolfen Saxonia-Anhalt Germany
  • EURECAT FRANCE SAS, 121 ave Marie Curie ZI Jean Jaurès 07800 La Voulte sur Rhône France
  • Evonik Operations GmbH, Rellinghauser Straße 1-11 45128 Essen Germany
  • ExxonMobil Petroleum & Chemical BV, Polderdijkweg 2030 Antwerpen Belgium
  • Gunvor Energy Rotterdam B.V., Moezelweg 255 3198 LS Europoort Netherlands
  • Hellenic Petroleum R.S.S.O.P.P. S.A., 8A Chimarras street 15125 Marousi Attica Greece
  • HES Wilhelmshaven Tank Terminal GmbH, Raffineriestrasse 1 26388 Wilhelmshaven Germany
  • HH Compliance Ltd, Rubicon Building CIT Campus T12 Y275 Bishopstown Cork Ireland
  • INA, d.d., Avenija V.Holjevca 10 p.p. 555 10002 Zagreb Croatia
  • IPLOM SPA, via Carlo Navone 3b 16012 Busalla Genova Italy
  • Irving Oil Whitegate Refinery Limited, Whitegate P25 HD93 Midleton Co. Cork Ireland
  • ISAB S.r.l., ex S.s. 114 km 146 96010 Priolo Gargallo (SR) Sicily Italy
  • Johnson Matthey Chemicals GmbH, Wardstrasse 17 D-46446 Emmerich am Rhein Germany
  • Mineraloelraffinerie Oberrhein GmbH & Co. KG, Noerdliche Raffinerie Strasse 1 76187 Karlsruhe Germany
  • MOL Hungarian Oil and Gas Public Limited Company, Dombóvári út 28 1117 Budapest Hungary
  • MOTOR OIL (HELLAS) CORINTH REFINERIES S.A., Irodou Attikou 12a 15124 Marousi Athens Greece
  • OMV Downstream GmbH, Trabrennstraße 6-8 A-1020 Wien Austria
  • OMV PETROM S.A., 22 Coralilor Street (“Petrom City”) Sector 1 013329 Bucharest Romania
  • PCK RAFFINERIE GMBH, Passower Chaussee 111 16303 Schwedt/Oder Germany
  • Petroineos Manufacturing France SAS, Avenue de la Bienfaisance BP 6 133117 Lavera France
  • Petroleos del Norte, S.A., Ed. Muñatones, Bº San Martín, 5 48550 Muskiz Vizcaya Spain
  • Preem AB, Warfvinges väg 45 11280 Stockholm Sweden
  • Raffineria di Milazzo S.C.p.A., Contrada Mangiavacca 98057 Milazzo (ME) Italy
  • Raffinerie Heide GmbH, Meldorfer Straße 43 25770 Hemmingstedt Germany
  • Rafineria Gdańska Sp. z o.o., Elbląska 135 80-718 Gdańsk Poland
  • Repsol Petroleo, S.A., Calle Mendez Alvaro, 44 28045 Madrid Madrid Spain
  • SARLUX srl, S.S. Sulcitana 195 km. 19 09018 Sarroch (CA) Sardinia Italy
  • SARPOM S.r.l., Viale Castello della Magliana 25 00148 Roma Italy
  • SHELL CATALYSTS & TECHNOLOGIES BELGIUM, Pantserschipstraat 331 9000 Gent Belgium
  • Shell Deutschland GmbH, Suhrenkamp 71-77, 22335 Hamburg Germany
  • Shell Nederland Chemie B.V., Chemieweg 25 PO BOX 6060, 4782 SJ Moerdijk Netherlands
  • Shell Nederland Raffinaderij B.V., Vondelingenweg 601 Postbus 3000 3190 GA Rotterdam Netherlands Netherlands
  • SLOVNAFT, a.s., Vlcie hrdlo 1 824 12 Bratislava Slovakia Slovakia
  • St1 Refinery AB, Bensinvägen 10 PO.Box 8889 402 72 Göteborg Göteborg Sweden
  • TotalEnergies Raffinage France, 2, place Jean Millier, La Défense 92400 Courbevoie France
  • TotalEnergies Raffinerie Mitteldeutschland GmbH, MAIENWEG, 1 D06237 LEUNA Germany
  • TotalEnergies Refinery Antwerp, SCHELDELAAN 16, 2030 Antwerpen Belgium
  • UOP S.r.l._OR001, Viale Milanofiori Strada 1 - Palazzo E1 I-20090 Assago Milan Italy
  • Valero Energy (Ireland) Limited, 1st Floor, Block B Liffey Valley Office Campus D22 X0Y3 Quarryvale Dublin 22 Ireland
  • Zeeland Refinery N.V., LUXEMBURGWEG 1, NL 4455 TM NIEUWDORP Zld Netherlands
  • Basell Polyoléfines France SAS, Chemin Departemental 21 A 13130 Berre l'Etang France
  • BASF Nederland B.V., Velperplein 23 6811 AH Arnhem Netherlands
  • BCS Only Representative Services Ltd 027, Pembroke House 30 Upper Pembroke Street Dublin 2 Dublin Ireland
  • COMPANÍA ESPAÑOLA DE PETRÓLEOS, S.A (CEPSA), Torre Cepsa, Paseo de la Castellana 259A 28046 Madrid Spain
  • Essar Oil (UK) Limited, Stanlow Manufacturing Complex PO Box 3 CH65 4HB Ellesmere Port Cheshire United Kingdom
  • ESSO Italiana Srl, Viale Castello della Magliana 25 00148 Roma Italy
  • Esso Norge AS, Grenseveien 6 4313 Sandnes Norway
  • Esso Petroleum Company Ltd., Ermyn Way ExxonMobil House KT22 8UX Surrey Leatherhead United Kingdom
  • HH Compliance Ltd, The Rubicon Centre CIT Campus, Bishopstown T12 Y275 Cork Cork Ireland
  • IES - Italiana Energia e Servizi S.p.A., Strada Cipata, 79 46100 Mantova Lombardia Italy
  • OMV Deutschland Operations GmbH & Co.KG, Haiminger Straße 1 D-84489 Burghausen Germany
  • Puma Energy Belfast Ltd, Airport Road West Belfast BT3 9EA Belfast United Kingdom (Northern Ireland)
  • RAFFINERIA DI ROMA Spa, VIA DI MALAGROTTA 00050 FRAZ.PANTANO DI GRANO-ROMA Italy
  • Umicore NV/SA, Rue du Marais 31 1000 Brussels Belgium

Substance names and other identifiers

Trinickel disulfide
Other
trinickel disulfide; nickel subsulfide
FCM Active and Intelligent Materials - CMRs not allowed for use, CAD - Chemical Agents Directive, Art. 2(b)(i) - Hazardous Agents, Construction Product Regulation - Annex I (3) - Hazardous Substances, Construction Product Regulation - Art. 6(5) - SDS and Declaration, EU Ecolabels - Restrictions for Hazardous Substances/Mixtures, End-of-Life Vehicles Directive - Hazardous Substances, Active Implantable Medical Devices Directive - Hazardous Substances, In Vitro Diagnostic Medical Devices Directive - Hazardous Substances, In Vitro Diagnostic Medical Devices Regulation - Hazardous Substances, Marine Environmental Policy Framework Directive - Hazardous Substances, Medical Devices Directive - Hazardous Substances, Medical Devices Regulation - Hazardous Substances, Protection of Pregnant and Breastfeeding Workers Directive, Annex I+II, Pressure Equipment Directive - Group 1 Fluids Hazardous Substances, General Product Safety Directive - Hazardous Substances, Workplace Signs - minimum requirements & signs on containers and pipes, Safety and Health of Workers at Work Directive - Hazardous Substances, Waste Framework Directive, Annex III - Waste - Hazardous Properties, Carc and Muta Directive, Annex I - Substances, Mixtures & Processes, Physical, Biological and Chemical Agents & Processes and Work
Trinickel disulphide
EC Inventory, REACH pre-registration
Trinickel disulphide
REACH pre-registration, Cosmetic Products Regulation, Annex II - Prohibited Substances
trinikkeldisulfid nikkelsubsulfid (no)
C&L Inventory
(trinickel-1-ylidene)-1lambda4-disulfene
Other
Nickel subsulfide
Registration dossier
NICKEL SUBSULFIDE
Registration dossier
Nickel subsulfide Ni3S2
Registration dossier
nickel subsulphide
C&L Inventory, Registration dossier
Nickel Subsulphide
Registration dossier
Nickel sulfide
Registration dossier
nickel; (sulfanylidene-λ4-sulfanylidene)nickel
Registration dossier
nickel;(sulfanylidene-λ⁴-sulfanylidene)nickel
Other
Nickelsulfid (Ni3S2)
Registration dossier
Trinickel disulfide
C&L Inventory, Registration dossier
Trinickel disulphide
C&L Inventory, Registration dossier
Trinickel disulphide
C&L Inventory, Registration dossier
trinickel disulphide
Registration dossier
trinickel-1-ylidene-1λ4-disulfene
Registration dossier
Coarse discharge
Registration dossier
Conc 1
Registration dossier
DER
Registration dossier
Intermediate nickel containing product
Registration dossier
Nickel subsulphide
Registration dossier
Reaction mass containing nickel disulphide
Registration dossier
Reduced Sinter
Registration dossier
trinickel disulphide
Registration dossier
028-007-00-4
Index number
C&L Inventory
12035-72-2
CAS number
EC Inventory, C&L Inventory, Registration dossier, REACH pre-registration, Other, FCM Active and Intelligent Materials - CMRs not allowed for use, CAD - Chemical Agents Directive, Art. 2(b)(i) - Hazardous Agents, Construction Product Regulation - Annex I (3) - Hazardous Substances, Construction Product Regulation - Art. 6(5) - SDS and Declaration, Cosmetic Products Regulation, Annex II - Prohibited Substances, EU Ecolabels - Restrictions for Hazardous Substances/Mixtures, End-of-Life Vehicles Directive - Hazardous Substances, Active Implantable Medical Devices Directive - Hazardous Substances, In Vitro Diagnostic Medical Devices Directive - Hazardous Substances, In Vitro Diagnostic Medical Devices Regulation - Hazardous Substances, Marine Environmental Policy Framework Directive - Hazardous Substances, Medical Devices Directive - Hazardous Substances, Medical Devices Regulation - Hazardous Substances, Protection of Pregnant and Breastfeeding Workers Directive, Annex I+II, Pressure Equipment Directive - Group 1 Fluids Hazardous Substances, General Product Safety Directive - Hazardous Substances, Workplace Signs - minimum requirements & signs on containers and pipes, Safety and Health of Workers at Work Directive - Hazardous Substances, Waste Framework Directive, Annex III - Waste - Hazardous Properties, Carc and Muta Directive, Annex I - Substances, Mixtures & Processes, Physical, Biological and Chemical Agents & Processes and Work

Scientific properties

Physical and chemical properties

This section provides physicochemical information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Appearance/physical state / colour

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
C Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Solid (100%) [1]
C Form
Powder (100%) [1]
C Odour
Other (100%) [1]
C Substance type
Inorganic (100%) [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Solid (100%)

Melting/freezing point

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Melting / freezing point
359.85 °C [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Boiling point

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Density

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Relative density
5.98 @ 23 °C [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Vapour pressure

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Partition coefficient

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Water solubility

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Water solubility (mass/vol.)
7.35 - 11.6 mg/L @ 20 °C and pH 6.5 - 7.9 [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Solubility in organic solvents / fat solubility

Data not provided by the registrant

Surface tension

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Flash point

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Auto flammability

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Flammability

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
C Interpretation of results
Non flammable (100%) [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Flammability
Non flammable (100%)

Explosiveness

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Oxidising

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Oxidation reduction potential

Data not provided by the registrant

pH

Data not provided by the registrant

Dissociation constant

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Viscosity

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Environmental fate and pathways

This section provides environmental fate and pathways information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Phototransformation in air

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Hydrolysis

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Phototransformation in water

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Phototransformation in soil

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Biodegradation in water - screening tests

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Biodegradation in water & sediment - simulation tests

Study results
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Biodegradation in soil

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Bioaccumulation: aquatic / sediment

Study results
  • 119 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 46
Supporting study 72
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Bioaccumulation: terrestrial

Study results
  • 77 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 11
Supporting study 65
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Adsorption/desorption

Study results
  • 34 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 20 7
Supporting study 5
Weight of evidence
Other 2
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Henrys law constant (H)

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Distribution modelling

Data not provided by the registrant

Ecotoxicological information

This section provides ecotoxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC)

R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed

The Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC) value is the concentration of a substance below which adverse effects in the environment are not expected to occur. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, PNEC values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Hazard for Aquatic Organisms
Freshwater 7.1 µg/L (1)
Intermittent releases (freshwater) 0 ng/L (1)
Marine water 8.6 µg/L (1)
Intermittent releases (marine water) 0 ng/L (1)
Sewage treatment plant (STP) 330 µg/L (1)
Sediment (freshwater) 109 mg/kg sediment dw (1)
Sediment (marine water) 109 mg/kg sediment dw (1)
Hazard for Air
Air No hazard identified (1)
Hazard for Terrestrial Organism
Soil 29.9 mg/kg soil dw (1)
Hazard for Predators
Secondary poisoning 120 µg/kg food (1)

Short–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 75 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LC50 (4 days) 15.3 mg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 73
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Long–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 21 studies submitted
  • 6 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (32 days) 35 - 431 000 µg/L [11]
NOEC (30 days) 108.9 µg/L [1]
NOEC (8 days) 40 - 80 µg/L [2]
LOEC (32 days) 35 - 3 730 µg/L [11]
LOEC (30 days) 433.5 µg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 7
Supporting study 1 12
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Short–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 124 studies submitted
  • 4 studies processed
P/RResults
LC50 (48 h) 13 - 276 µg/L [17]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 4
Supporting study 119
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Long–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 93 studies submitted
  • 23 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (8 months) 66 µg/L [1]
NOEC (4.233 months) 713 µg/L [1]
NOEC (56 days) 40 - 120 µg/L [2]
NOEC (42 days) 40 µg/L [2]
NOEC (36 days) 61 µg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 25
Supporting study 67
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to aquatic algae and cyanobacteria

Study results
  • 50 studies submitted
  • 16 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (72 h) 40.7 - 1 430 µg/L [26]
IC50 (48 h) 456 - 4 400 µg/L [3]
NOEC (72 h) 3.5 - 5 476.8 µg/L [26]
NOEC (48 h) 10 - 110.5 µg/L [2]
LOEC (72 h) 6.2 - 11 551.3 µg/L [26]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 16
Supporting study 33
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to aquatic plants other than algae

Study results
  • 16 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
EC50 (7 days) 87 - 1 377 µg/L [6]
EC10 (7 days) 3.9 - 435.3 µg/L [6]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 13
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to microorganisms

Study results
  • 23 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
EC50 (30 min) 33 mg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 21
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Sediment toxicity

Study results
  • 40 studies submitted
  • 25 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (4 days) 900 µg/L [1]
LOEC (4 days) 1.8 mg/L [1]
EC10 (56 days) 762 - 1 625 mg/kg sediment dw [2]
EC10 (49 days) 210 - 339 mg/kg sediment dw [3]
EC10 (42 days) 160 - 3 307 mg/kg sediment dw [4]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 12
Supporting study 10
Weight of evidence 17
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Endocrine disrupter testing in aquatic vertebrates – in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to terrestrial macroorganisms except arthropods

Study results
  • 23 studies submitted
  • 6 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (42 days) 20 - 180 mg/kg soil dw [4]
NOEC (28 days) 100 - 700 mg/kg soil dw [3]
NOEC (21 days) 180 - 800 mg/kg soil dw [4]
LOEC (42 days) 320 mg/kg soil dw [1]
LOEC (28 days) 300 - 1 000 mg/kg soil dw [3]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 6
Supporting study 16
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to terrestrial arthropods

Study results
  • 10 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (28 days) 476 mg/kg soil dw [1]
LC50 (8.167 months) 8 351 mg/kg diet [1]
LC50 (28 days) 1 g/kg soil dw [1]
LOEC (28 days) 560 mg/kg soil dw [1]
NOEC (28 days) 36.4 - 1 140 mg/kg soil dw [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study 6
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to terrestrial plants

Study results
  • 86 studies submitted
  • 14 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (63 days) 29 - 355 mg/kg soil dw [4]
NOEC (60 days) 88 - 187 mg/kg soil dw [2]
NOEC (56 days) 17 - 69 mg/kg soil dw [3]
NOEC (40 days) 67 mg/kg soil dw [1]
NOEC (30 days) 13 - 187 mg/kg soil dw [4]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 14
Supporting study 68
Weight of evidence
Other 3 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to soil microorganisms

Study results
  • 30 studies submitted
  • 23 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (8.975 years) 86 mg/kg soil dw [2]
NOEC (1.381 years) 59 - 94 mg/kg soil dw [3]
NOEC (28 days) 41 mg/kg soil dw [1]
NOEC (7 days) 30 - 770 mg/kg soil dw [13]
EC10 (1.573 years) 295 mg/kg soil dw [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 23
Supporting study 6
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to birds

Study results
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to mammals

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicological information

This section provides toxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Derived No- or Minimal Effect Level (DN(M)EL)

M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed

The derived no- or minimum effect level (DN(M)EL) is the level of exposure above which a human should not be exposed to a substance. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, DN(M)EL values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Data for WORKERS
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 50 µg/m³ developmental toxicity / teratogenicity
Acute /short term: (DNEL) 123 mg/m³ acute toxicity
Local Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 50 µg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: (DNEL) 800 µg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 4 µg/cm² sensitisation (skin)
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
EYE Exposure
No hazard identified
Data for the GENERAL POPULATION
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 60 ng/m³ developmental toxicity / teratogenicity
Acute /short term: (DNEL) 12.9 mg/m³ acute toxicity
Local Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 60 ng/m³ repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: (DNEL) 60 µg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
ORAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 13 µg/kg bw/day developmental toxicity / teratogenicity
Acute /short term: (DNEL) 370 µg/kg bw/day developmental toxicity / teratogenicity
EYE Exposure
No hazard identified

Toxicokinetics, metabolism, and distribution

Study results
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
  • 16 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 12
Weight of evidence
Other 2
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal absorption
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: dermal absorption
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Acute toxicity

Study results
oral
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LD50 11 000 mg/kg bw (rat) [1]
M/CInterpretations of results
Not classified [1]

Type of Study provided
oral
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
inhalation
  • 7 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
P/RResults
LC50 (4 h) 923.7 - 1 352 mg/m³ air (rat) [3]
M/CInterpretations of results
Toxic [2]

inhalation
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 2 1
Weight of evidence 2
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
dermal
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

dermal
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
other routes
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

other routes
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Irritation / corrosion

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: eye
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: eye
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Skin
No adverse effect observed (not irritating)
Eye
No adverse effect observed (not irritating)

Sensitisation

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other 1 1
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: respiratory
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: respiratory
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Skin sensitisation
Adverse effect observed (sensitising)
Respiratory sensitisation
No adverse effect observed (not sensitising)

Repeated dose toxicity

Study results
Study data: oral
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Study data: oral
Studies with data
Key study 1 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 2
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: inhalation
  • 12 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Study data: inhalation
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 5 1
Weight of evidence 2
Other 2
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Study data: dermal
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Genetic toxicity

Study results
Study data: in vitro
  • 16 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: in vitro
Studies with data
Key study 4
Supporting study 7
Weight of evidence 3
Other 2
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: in vivo
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: in vivo
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 4
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Carcinogenicity

Study results
  • 31 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study 11 1
Weight of evidence 13
Other 1 2
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to reproduction

Study results
Study data: reproduction
  • 8 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: reproduction
Studies with data
Key study 2 1
Supporting study 1 2
Weight of evidence
Other 2
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: developmental
  • 9 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: developmental
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 2 2
Weight of evidence 2 1
Other 1 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: other studies
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: other studies
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Neurotoxicity

Study results
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Immunotoxicity

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 3
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Endocrine disrupter mammalian screening - in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant